LABORATORY VALUES
* Included in the Biochemical Profile (SMA-12)

REFERENCE RANGE

SI REFERENCE INTERVALS

BLOOD, PLASMA, SERUM

* Alanine aminotransferase (ALT, GPT at 30EC)

8-20 U/L

8-20 U/L

Amylase, serum

25-125 U/L

25-125 U/L

* Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, GOT at 30EC)

8-20 U/L

8-20 U/L

Bilirubin, serum (adult)

Total

0.1-1.0 mg/dL

2-17 mmol/L

Direct

0.0-0.3 mg/dL

0-5 mmol/L

* Calcium, serum (Ca2+)

8.4-10.2 mg/dL

2.1-2.8 mmol/L

* Cholesterol, serum

Rec:<200 mg/dL

<5.2 mmol/L

Cortisol, serum

0800 h

5-23 mg/dL

138-635 nmol/L

1600 h

3-15 mg/dL

82-413 nmol/L

2000 h

≤ 50% of 0800 h

Fraction of 0800 h: ≤ 0.50

Creatine kinase, serum

Male

25-90 U/L

25-90 U/L

Female

10-70 U/L

10-70 U/L

* Creatinine, serum

0.6-1.2 mg/dL

53-106 mmol/L

Electrolytes, serum

Sodium (Na+)

136-145 mEq/L

136-145 mmol/L

Chloride (Cl-)

95-105 mEq/L

95-105 mmol/L

* Potassium (K+)

3.5-5.0 mEq/L

3.5-5.0 mmol/L

Bicarbonate (HCO3-)

22-28 mEq/L

22-28 mmol/L

Magnesium (Mg2+)

1.5-2.0 mEq/L

1.5-2.0 mmol/L

Estriol, total, serum (in pregnancy)

24-28 wks

30-170 ng/mL

104-590 nmol/L

28-32 wks

40-220 ng/mL

140-760 nmol/L

32-36 wks

60-280 ng/mL

208-970 nmol/L

36-40 wks

80-350 ng/mL

280-1210 nmol/L

Ferritin, serum

Male

15-200 ng/mL

15-200 mg/L

Female

12-150 ng/mL

12-150 mg/L

Follicle-stimulating hormone, serum/plasma

Male

4-25 mIU/mL

4-25 U/L

Female: premenopause

4-30 mIU/mL

4-30 U/L

Female: midcycle peak

10-90 mIU/mL

10-90 U/L

Female: postmenopause

40-250 mIU/mL

40-250 U/L

Gases, arterial blood (room air)

pH

7.35-7.45

[H+] 36-44 nmol/L

PCO2

33-45 mm Hg

4.4-5.9 kPa

PO2

75-105 mm Hg

10.0-14.0 kPa

* Glucose, serum

Fasting:

70-110 mg/dL

3.8-6.1 mmol/L

2-h postprandial:

< 120 mg/dL

< 6.6 mmol/L

Growth hormone - arginine stimulation

Fasting:

< 5 ng/mL

< 5 mg/L

provocative stimuli:

> 7 ng/mL

> 7 mg/L

Immunoglobulins, serum

IgA

76-390 mg/dL

0.76-3.9 g/L

IgE

0-380 IU/mL

0-380 kIU/L

IgG

650-1500 mg/dL

6.5-15 g/L

IgM

40-345 mg/dL

0.4-3.45 g/L

Iron

50-170 mg/dL

9-30 mmol/L

Lactate dehyrdogenase, serum

45-90 U/L

45-90 U/L

Luteinizing hormone, serum/plasma

Male

6-23 mIU/mL

6-23 U/L

Female: follicular phase

5-30 mIU/mL

5-30 U/L

Female: midcycle

75-150 mIU/mL

75-150 U/L

Female: postmenopause

30-200 mIU/mL

30-200 U/L

Osmolality, serum

275-295 mOsmol/kg

275-295 mOsmol/kg

Parathyroid hormone, serum

10-70 pg/mL

10-70 pg/mL

* Phosphatase (alkaline), serum (p-NPP at 30EC)

20-70 U/L

20-70 U/L

* Phosphorus (inorganic), serum

3.0-4.5 mg/dL

1.0-1.5 mmol/L

Prolactin, serum (hPRL)

< 20 ng/mL

< 20 mg/L

* Proteins, serum

Total (recumbent)

6.0-7.8 g/dL

60-78 g/L

Albumin

3.5-5.5 g/dL

35-55 g/L

Globulin

2.3-3.5 g/dL

23-35 g/L

Thyroid-stimulating hormone, serum or plasma

0.5-5.0 mU/mL

0.5-5.0 mU/L

Thyroidal iodine (123I) uptake

8-30% of administered dose/24 h

0.08-0.30/24 h

Thyroxine (T4), serum

5-12 mg/dL

64-155 nmol/L

Triglycerides, serum

35-160 mg/dL

0.4-1.81 mmol/L

Triiodothyronine (T3), serum (RIA)

115-190 ng/dL

1.8-2.9 nmol/L

Triiodothyronine (T3), resin uptake

25-35%

0.25-0.35

* Urea nitrogen, serum (BUN)

7-18 mg/dL

1.2-3.0 mmol urea/L

* Uric acid, serum

3.0-8.2 mg/dL

0.18-0.48 mmol/L


CEREBROSPINAL FLUID

Cell Count

0-5 cells/mm3

0-5 x 106/L

Chloride

118-132 mEq/L

118-132 mmol/L

Gamma globulin

3-12% total proteins

0.03-0.12

Glucose

40-70 mg/dL

2.2-3.9 mmol/L

Pressure

70-180 mm H2O

70-180 mm H2O

Proteins, total

< 40 mg/dL

<0.40 g/L


HEMATOLOGIC

Bleeding time (template)

2-7 minutes

2-7 minutes

Erythrocyte count

Male

4.3-5.9 million/mm3

4.3-5.9 x 1012/L

Female

3.5-5.5 million/mm3

3.5-5.5 x 1012/L

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Westergren)

Male

0-15 mm/h

0-15 mm/h

Female

0-20 mm/h

0-20 mm/h

Hematocrit

Male

41-53%

0.41-0.53

Female

36-46%

0.36-0.46

Hemoglobin A1C

≤6%

≤0.06

Hemoglobin, blood

Male

13.5-17.5 g/dL

2.09-2.71 mmol/L

Female

12.0-16.0 g/dL

1.86-2.48 mmol/L

Hemoglobin, plasma

1-4 mg/dL

0.16-0.62 mmol/L

Leukocyte count and differential

Leukocyte count

4,500-11,000/mm3

4.5-11.0 x 109/L

Segmented neutrophils

54-62%

0.54-0.62

Bands

3-5%

0.03-0.05

Eosinophils

1-3%

0.01-0.03

Basophils

0-0.75%

0-0.0075

Lymphocytes

25-33%

0.25-0.33

Monocytes

3-7%

0.03-0.07

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

25.4-34.6 pg/cell

0.39-0/54 fmol/cell

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

31-36 % Hb/cell

4.81-5.58 mmol Hb/L

Mean corpuscular volume

80-100 mm3

80-100 fL

Partial thromboplastin time (activated)

25-40 seconds

25-40 seconds

Platelet count

150,000-400,000/mm3

150-400 x 109/L

Prothrombin time

11-15 seconds

11-15 seconds

Reticulocyte count

0.5-1.5% of red cells

0.005-0.015

Thrombin time

<2 seconds deviation from control

<2 seconds deviation from control

Volume

Plasma: Male

25-43 mL/kg

0.025-0.043 L/kg

Plasma: Female

28-45 mL/kg

0.028-0.045 L/kg

Red cell: Male

20-36 mL/kg

0.020-0.036 L/kg

Red cell: Female

19-31 mL/kg

0.019-0.031 L/kg


SWEAT

Chloride

0-35 mmol/L

0-35 mmol/L


URINE

Calcium

100-300 mg/24 h

2.5-7.5 mmol/24 h

Chloride

varies with intake

varies with intake

Creatine clearance

Male

97-137 mL/min

Female

88-128 mL/min

Estriol, total (in pregnancy)

30 wks

6-18 mg/24 h

21-62 mmol/24 h

35 wks

9-28 mg/24 h

31-97 mmol/24 h

40 wks

13-42 mg/24 h

45-146 mmol/24 h

17-Hydroxycorticosteroids

Male

3.0-10.0 mg/24 h

8.2-27.6 mmol/24 h

Female

2.0-8.0 mg/24 h

5.5-22.0 mmol/24 h

17-Ketosteroids, total

Male

8-20 mg/24 h

28-70 mmol/24 h

Female

6-15 mg/24 h

21-52 mmol/24 h

Osmolality

50-1400 mOsmol/kg

Oxalate

8-40 mg/mL

90-445 mmol/L

Potassium

varies with diet

varies with diet

Proteins, total

<150 mg/24 h

<0.15 g/24 h

Sodium

varies with diet

varies with diet

Uric acid

varies with diet

varies with diet