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CTS Home > Course Description

Introduction to Cell and Tissue Structure (CTS)/Physiology

Cell and Tissue Structure (CTS) is integrated with Medical Physiology into a year long course that provides a correlated structure/function approach to cells, tissues, organs and organ systems. The Fall course is CTS/Physiology and Dr. Robert Bloodgood from the Department of Cell Biology is the course director (assisted by Dr. Howard Kutchai in the Department of Molecular Physiology). The Spring course is now known as Physiology/CTS and Dr. Howard Kutchai is the course director (assisted by Dr. Robert Bloodgood). In the Fall, we take a hierarchical approach, starting with the study of the cell, which is the fundamental unit of structure and function of the human body. After a thorough introduction to cell biology and cell physiology, we demonstrate how cells work together cooperatively to form the basic tissue types of the body (epithelium, connective tissue, nervous tissue and muscle); during this portion of the course, Physiology Department faculty present nerve and muscle physiology. Then, we will demonstrate how these basic tissue types are woven together to form the specialized organs and organ systems of the human body. Most of the correlated histology and physiology of the major organ systems will be presented during the Spring semester in Physiology/CTS.

A major component of your study of cell biology and histology involves laboratory work. Laboratory attendance is required and a portion of your semester grade will be based on lab participation. You have at your disposal well equipped medical student teaching laboratories on the 2nd floor of Jordan Hall (Rooms 2-6, 2-7 and 2-8). These labs and all of the equipment within them are available to you 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week. The labs are accessible through ID card readers and a punch lock on Room 2-6, which has the same code as the Gross Anatomy laboratory. Each student is assigned an individual Leica student microscope and a slide set (two boxes of exceptional histology slides). In addition, the laboratories contain a number of computer-based medical education work stations that integrate a video microscope with the CTS Web Site, providing multiple sources of images for your study of cell biology and histology. It is important that you become comfortable with the use of both your individual microscope and the video-microscope. Microscope slides are the best resource for your laboratory study. A thorough knowledge of histology and of the use of the microscope will be necessary for success in your 2nd year Pathology course.

We can not emphasize enough the value of the small group learning environment. The entire laboratory approach is one of "cooperative learning"; working together with your fellow students (within and outside the labs) in small groups will be one of the most effective ways of mastering the material in this course.

The faculty members teaching in this course are always available for assistance, both during the regularly scheduled lab sessions and outside of them. Feel free to contact faculty by e-mail to schedule individual or group sessions for additional help.

An additional valuable resource for your studies is this CTS Web Site. There, you will find a wealth of resources including multimedia handouts, PowerPoint lecture presentations, histology images, self-study quizzes and numerous links to internet resources.

Gradind Policy: Each of the two exams counts for 40% of the final grade (total of 80%), attendance at and active participation in the labs counts for another 10%, and the to on-line quizzes count for a total fo 10% (5% each) of the final grade. Attendance at the labs is required.