Cardiac Radiography > Introduction > Outline


I. Introduction

    A. Introduction

    B. Outline

II. Normal Radiographic Anatomy

    A. Normal Heart Shadow

    B. Location of Cardiac Chambers and Valves

    C. Great Vessels

        i. Aorta

        ii. SVC and IVC

        iii. Main Pulmonary Artery (Pulmonary Trunk)

        iv. Right and Left Main Pulmonary Arteries

        v. Azygous Vein

III. Pulmonary Vascular Patterns

    A. Normal

    B. Pulmonary Venous Hypertension

    C. Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    D. Overcirculation

    E. Diminished Pulmonary Blood Flow

IV. Cardiomegaly and Chamber Enlargement

    A. Left Atrium

    B. Right Heart

    C. Left Ventricle

V. Pathologic Conditions and Differential Diagnoses

    A. Lesions Presenting with Normal Vascularity and Normal Heart Size

        i. Myocardial Ischemia

        ii. Afterload Lesions

        iii. Aortic Disease

    B. Lesions Presenting with Normal Vascularity and Large Heart Shadow or Chamber

        i. Pericardial Effusion

        ii. Increased Preload

        iii. Treated (Compensated) Heart Failure

        iv. Myocardiopathy

    C. Lesions Presenting with Pulmonary Venous Hypertension

        i. LV Failure

        ii. Obstruction to LV Inflow

        iii. Mitral Regurgitation

        iv. Acute Systemic or Pulmonary Volume Overload

    D. Lesions Presenting with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

        i. Chronic Lung Disease

        ii. Recurrent Pulmonary Emboli

        iii. Vasculitis

        iv. Chronic Hypoventilation

    E. Lesions Presenting with Overcirculation: Left to Right Shunts

    F. Lesions Presenting with Decreased Pulmonary Vascularity

        i. Tetralogy of Fallot

        ii. Ebstein's Anomaly

VI. Post-Quiz


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