Imaging of the Cervical Spine > Fractures > Classification


Classification

By mechanism of injury

Type of Injury Fractures Stability
Flexion

Anterior subluxation

Unilateral facet dislocation
Bilateral facet dislocation
Wedge compression fracture
Flexion teardrop fracture
Clay Shoveler's fracture

stable or delayed unstability
stable
unstable
stable
unstable
stable
Extension Hangman's fracture
unstable
Compression Jefferson fracture
Burst fracture
unstable
stable
Complex Odontoid  


By stability

Stable Anterior subluxation
Unilateral interfacetal dislocation
Simple wedge fracture
Burst fracture, lower cervical spine
Clay Shoveler's fracture
Unstable

Anterior subluxation
Bilateral interfacetal dislocation
Flexion teardrop fracture
Hangman's fracture
Jefferson fracture of atlas



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