Genitourinary Radiology > Learning Objectives


  1. Know the anatomy of the genitourinary system (kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and adrenal glands).
  2. Know the basic genitourinary embryology and the associated congenital abnormalities.
  3. Know the etiology and radiographic morphology of renal masses and parenchymal disease.
  4. Know the grading and radiographic morphology of renal trauma.
  5. Know the clinical presentation, and radiographic morphology of collecting duct pathology, e.g. stones, papillary necrosis, medullary sponge kidney, cortical nephrocalcinosis, dilatation, narrowing, and transitional cell carcinoma.
  6. Develop a differential diagnosis for different radiographic appearances of the bladder wall thickening and filling defects.
  7. Identify a ruptured bladder and urachal anomalies in a radiographic study.
  8. Know the radiographic morphology of adrenal adenoma, cysts myelolipoma, pheochromocytoma, cortical carcinoma, metastases, and hemorrhage.
  9. Know the radiographic morphology of benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostatitis, and prostate cancer.
  10. Identify common testicular pathologies on ultrasonographic images (torsion, epididymitis, orchitis, varicocele, hydrocele, and trauma).


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