Pediatric Radiology > Neurological > Posterior Fossa Tumors > Medulloblastoma


Medulloblastoma

The most malignant and the second most common posterior fossa tumor, medulloblastoma is considered a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) and arises from the inferior medullary velum of the cerebellar vermis. The tumor invades the fourth ventricle and is typically a poorly defined mass. Lesions are hypercellular and are typically hyperdense on unenhanced CT, enhancing diffusely and homogeneously. On MRI, lesions also tend to be more homogeneous. CSF spread/seeding can occur both intracranially and as drop metastases to the intraspinal CSF.

   
Head CT without contrast
   
Head CT with contrast
   
Sagittal MRI with contrast
   
Axial MRI with contrast
   


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