Radiobiology > Stochastic Effects > Carcinogenesis > Evidence for Specific Cancers (cont.)


Evidence for Specific Cancers

Breast Cancer

  • Female survivors of bombing attacks at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • Female tuberculosis patients (in Nova Scotia) who received multiple fluoroscopic studies for to follow therapeutic penumothorax
  • No radiogenic breast cancer risk in men has been observed in any study.

    Mammography

Lung Cancer

  • Survivors of bombing attacks at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • Patients who received radiation therapy for ankylosing spondylitis
  • Underground Uranium miners (radon exposure)

Bone Cancer

  • Outmoded radiotherapies…
    • Children receiving cranial irradiation for tinea capitus
    • Patients who received radiation therapy for ankylosing spondylitis
  • Luminous watch dial painters, who ingested radium from their brush tips

Skin Cancer

  • Lack of radiation safety precautions among radiation workers of the early 20th century
  • Children receiving cranial irradiation for tinea capitus

Liver Cancer

  • Thorotrast – a radiographic contrast agent used in the 1930s to 1950s – thorium decay released alpha particles leading to organ damage and neoplasms

(Image Credit: Oak Ridge Associated Universities)



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