Emergency Ultrasound > Post Test


Post Test

Intra-parenchymal lesions are more likely to be malignant than benign.

True
False


2. The presence of color doppler flow to a painful testis essentially excludes the diagnosis of testicular torsion.

True
False


3. The following are characteristics of epididymitis except:

Decreased echogenicity of affected testis
Scrotal wall thickening
Loss of cremasteric reflex
Hydrocele


4. The most common germ cell tumor affecting the testes is:

Teratoma
Seminoma
Embryonal
Choriocarcinoma


5. The following are considered common primary malignancies metastasing to the testes except:

Lung
Lymphoma
Colorectal
Thyroid
Prostate


6. Testicular microlithiasis or calcifications are often associated with malignancies.

True
False


7. The presence of gas within the scrotal skin is the most specific sonographic finding of Fournier's gangrene.

True
False


8. The absence of reflux from the spermatic vein into the pampiniform plexus with the Valsalva maneuveur excludes the diagnosis of varicoceles.

True
False


9. Cryptoorchidism carries a 40X increased risk of malignant transformation of the affected testis. The sensitivity of ultrasound in detecting this disorder is:

60 %
70 %
80 %
90 %


10. Which of the following are important considerations in the sonographic evaluation of inguinal hernias?

Having the patient perform Valsalva maneuver to identify transient hernias
Using higher frequency transducers to focus on superficial structures
Reexamination of the patient in the standing position if supine evaluation does not demonstrate herniation.
Identify bowel viability and reducibility
All of the above


11. What does the term "scrotal pearl" refer to?

Cacification of the affected testis which is often a sequela of acute trauma or chronic varicoceles
Testicular microlithiais of idiopathic etiology
Torsion of testicular appendage that has calcified
Multiple hyperechoic foci in the scrotum reflecting gas from herniated bowel


12. Visualization of an irregular fracture plane is a requisite for the sonographic diagnosis of traumatic injury to the testes.

True
False


13-15. Match diagnosis with image: a. Fournier's Gangrene, b. Rete Testis, c. Cystic Teratoma

I.

II.

III.



13. Fournierís Gangrene

I
II
III

14.Rete Testis

I
II
III

15.Cystic Teratoma

I
II
III


Your score is out of 15.

Answers

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