Electives - Pathology
Elective Number: 2302
Rotation Supervisor: Dr. Helen Cathro, email@example.com
Duration: 4 weeks
Available: All rotations
A pager is required, but will not be provided.
Time to Report: 8:30 am
Place to Report: New Hospital Expansion room 3028
Typical day: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Attendance: Attendance at elective activities is mandatory.
- Anyone who is ill or has a personal or family emergency must contact Student
Affairs and the Attending on Service.
- Students are allowed to take off up to 1 day per week to interview between
November 1 and February 1.
- Specific days missed must be approved by the Attending on Service.
Number of students per rotation: 2
Course Description: This elective is designed for students who wish
to explore Nephrology, Transplantation or Pathology as a subspecialty. Diagnosis
of medical renal diseases and renal allograft rejection is based on combined
histological, ultrastructual and immunofluorescent approaches. The student
will review all
components of renal biopsies with residents and attendings and will attend
conferences. This rotation will acquaint the student with disease diagnosis
based on clinicopathologic correlation and the application of several contemporary
ROTATION GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
1. To be familiar with the fundamental patterns of native kidney pathology.
2. To understand the basic principles of renal transplant pathology.
3. To be able recognize aggressive kidney disease in the form of crescentic
glomerulonephritis and thrombotic microangiopathy.
1. Patient Care
- To recognize the importance of correlating the clinical history,
laboratory results and medications with the findings on the renal biopsy.
- To evaluate the renal biopsy in a systematic fashion by compartment.
- To be familiar with the use of the immunofluorescent microscope and understand
the difference between clinically relevant findings and artifact using this
- To be able to integrate electron microscopy into the final diagnosis of the
2. Medical Knowledge
- To learn the clinical features of common diseases affecting the native kidney;
namely, diabetes, hypertensive arterionephrosclerosis, IgA nephropathy, minimal
change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, crescentic glomerulopathy,
drug-associated interstitial nephritis and thrombotic microangiopathy.
- To know the typical histomorphologic features of the above-listed diseases
by light microscopy, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy.
- To understand the criteria for diagnosis of acute cellular and acute antibody
mediated rejection in the renal allograft, as well as be able to recognize
infection, drug toxicity and acute tubular damage in this setting.
3. Practice-based Learning and Improvement
- To appreciate the use of special stains in the light microscopic evaluation
of native kidney disease.
- To understand the need for immunofluorescence and electron microscopy in
the complete evaluation of native and transplant renal biopsies.
- To understand the importance of triaging core renal biopsies and to develop
the ability to perform triaging competently.
- To understand the importance of communicating with clinical colleagues in
order to obtain clinical information and convey preliminary results clearly.
5. Systems Based Care and Practice
- To understand how histotechnologists, nephrology fellows and radiologists
work together as a team in order to ensure the correct processing of renal
biopsies that need to be triaged at nights and weekends.