Types of Residency Programs
- Categorical Program -
complete residency including 1st year (PGY-1) of postgraduate training
in the discipline. All
primary care & some specialty programs are of this type.
- Incomplete initial programs:
- Transitional Program - 1st postgraduate year
training which includes experience in more than one clinical
- Preliminary Track in Medicine or Surgery -
1st (occasionally 1st & 2nd) year training without commitment
for additional years of training in the program.
Transitional & Preliminary programs may be used to
provide broad clinical experience required for entry into
specialty training or for the initial training of graduates who
have not selected a clinical discipline.
- Advanced Student Program - begins at 2nd year (PGY-2)
of postgraduate training or later, but appointment is received
during the 4th year of medical school. A separate appointment for
the initial postgraduate year(s) of training must be obtained.
- Program for Physicians Only (Advanced Resident Program)
- begins at 2nd year (PGY-2) of postgraduate training or later,
but application for appointment is made after medical school
- National Resident
Matching Program (NRMP); "The Match" - a program to allow applicants
for residency positions, &
institutions offering those positions, to rank their preferences
confidentially at a uniform date. This matches applicants to the
programs ranked highest on their listing provided those programs
offer them a position. Almost all positions in primary care
disciplines, pathology, & general surgery as well as many in
the medical, surgical & support specialties are offered in
this program. Both 1st year & advanced programs are included.
Provisions are made for the matching of couples to the same
institution or geographic area.
- Advanced Specialty Matching Programs -
positions in child neurology, plastic surgery, & ophthalmology are
offered in programs administered by the San Francisco Matching Program.
conducts a matching program for positions in that specialty.
- Military Programs -
because the U.S. Air Force, Army & Navy do not participate in the
residency matching programs, students with military obligations must apply
directly to their
branch of service. They should also enroll in the NRMP since the
number of applicants may exceed the number of available positions
in the military programs.
- ERAS (Electronic Residency Application Service) - a service which
transmits residency applications, letters of recommendation, Dean's Letters,
transcripts, and other supporting credentials from medical schools to residency
program directors using the Internet.
- Some programs may employ a variety of patterns for appointing
- Categorical or complete
- PGY-1 in NRMP
a. PGY-2 appointment in NRMP advanced student program
b. PGY-2 appointment in advanced specialty match (before NRMP)
or outside the Match